New York is a state located in Northeastern United States of America. It is bordered by Canada on the North, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean on the East, New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the South and Southwest, and Canada on the West.
The capital of the state is Albany, located in the Central-East portion of the state. The majority of New York's population is located around New York City in the Southeast along the coast, being the most populous city in the United States.
New York was home to the native Algonquin and Haudenosaunee people up until the region started getting settled by Europeans. The first settlers came down from Montreal for fur trading and converting the native people. In the early 1600s the region was colonized by the Dutch, who were then overthrown by the British in the late 1600s.
New York is one of the original 13 states that made up the United States of America in 1776.
The flag of New York was adopted in 1901 and consists of the state's coat of arms on a blue background. The sun on the shield in the centre symbolises the name and idea of Old York and the old world, and the the mountains, river, meadow, and ships, symbolise the state of New York in the new world. To the right of the shield is the embodiment of Justice. To the left is the embodiment of Liberty, standing on a crown to represent overthrowing British Rule. The globe above the shield represents the Old and New World being brought together. Above the globe is an eagle, representing the Westward expansion of the empire. On the bottom ribbon is written 'Excelsior', which is meant to translate to 'ever upward'.
New York was named after the Duke of York, who would become King James II of England, when the British overthrew the Dutch in the region.