New Jersey is a state located on the Northeastern coast of the United States of America. It is bordered by New York on the Northeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, and Pennsylvania to the West.
The capital of New Jersey is the city of Trenton, located near the centre of the state. The majority of the population is spread across a diagonal region ranging from Southwest to Northeast.
There has been evidence found that shows settlement in the region of New Jersey as far back as 13,000 years ago. In more recent times, the area was inhabited by a people known as the Lenape. The Lenape we originally nomadic, but over time settled down and started an agricultural society, most notably farming maize. In the early 1600s, the region was also settled by the Dutch, who had trading relations with the Lenape. Over time, more European settlers came to the region from England, Sweden, and France. The native Lenape people were eventually assimilated, pushed out of the region, or wiped out.
New Jersey was one of the original 13 states that formed the United States of America in 1776.
New Jersey's flag was adopted by the state in 1896. The background colour of the flag, called buff, was chosen because of the colours of the uniforms of the state's soldiers. In the centre of the flag is New Jersey's coat of arms. The horse head and helmet are to show that New Jersey is self-governed. The ploughs represent the state's agriculture. The women on either side of the shield are the goddesses Liberty (on the left) and Ceres (on the right), the goddess of agriculture. The state's motto is on the banner at the bottom.
New Jersey gets its name from the island of Jersey in the British Isles. During the English Civil War, Jersey was loyal to the Crown, and King Charles II was crowned there. The land that would become New Jersey was granted to two men who remained loyal to the King during the war, and they named the region New Jersey after the island where they were given sanctuary.