The largest of the provinces, Quebec (Québec in French) is located in East-central Canada, bordered by Ontario on the West, Labrador on the Northwest, New Brunswick on the West, and the United States on the South. Quebec is the only French-speaking province in Canada.
The capital of Quebec is Quebec City (la Ville de Québec in French), though the largest city by population is Montreal (Montréal in French). The majority of the population lives in the Southern part of the province, with a few small traditionally Native settlements in the North and central parts of the province. Quebec is bordered by the Arctic Ocean on the North, Labrador on the Northeast, the Atlantic Ocean on the East, New Brunswick and the United Stated on the Southeast, Ontario on the South, and Ontario and Hudson Bay on the West.
Southern Quebec was traditionally home to the Algonquin and Haudenosaunee, and the North was home to the Inuit. The Inuit still inhabit the North, but the original Southern inhabitants were mostly wiped out by the European settlers.
Quebec was one of the four original provinces that formed Canada in 1867.
Called the Fleurdelisé, the flag of Quebec was officially adopted in 1950. The white cross on a blue background is reminiscent of an ancient French military banner, with the four fleurs-de-lis (one in each blue square) being a symbol of France.
The name "Quebec" comes from Algonquin, meaning "narrow passage", after the St. Lawrence River which narrows near the city of Quebec.