The largest English-speaking province of Canada, Ontario is also the province with the largest population. It is bordered on the West by Manitoba, the North by Hudson Bay, the East by Quebec, and the South by the United States and the Great Lakes.
The capital of Ontario is Toronto, which is also its most populous city. Ottawa, the capital of Canada, is also located in Ontario. The majority of Ontarians live in the Southern peninsula of the province, with one major city located in the West along Lake Superior, Thunder Bay. Northern Ontario is sparsely populated with some smaller settlements.
Ontario was traditionally home to a number of indigenous peoples, the Haudenosaunee nations being the most abundant, but the influx of European settlers starting in the 17th century has mostly assimilated them. Ontario was one of the four original provinces that made up Canada in 1867.
Ontario's flag is similar to the old Canadian Red Ensign, a red flag with the Union Jack in the top-left, and Ontario's coat of arms in the centre-right.
"Ontario" comes from the Haudenosaunee word "kanadario", which means "sparkling water", referring to the abundant lakes and rivers that cover 20% of the province.