Nagoya is the capital city of Aichi prefecture in Japan. It is located along the Southwestern coast of the prefecture.
Nagoya was established in 1610, when the capital of Owari province was moved to Nagoya's present location. Nagoya castle (a famous landmark of the city) was built around this time, and the city was built up around the castle. The city was heavily damaged by US air raids and fire bombs towards the end of World War 2, which also heavily damaged Nagoya Castle. The castle was restored in 1959, when the city was heavily damaged again by a typhoon.
The city has been referred to as Nagoya for hundreds of years. The name could have come from the Japanese word "nagoyaka", which means "peaceful".