The middle of the three Prairie Provinces, Saskatchewan is bordered by Alberta to the West, Manitoba to the East, the Northwest Territories to the North, and the United States to the South.
The capital of Saskatchewan is Regina, located near the South of the province. The majority of the population of the province is located in the central to South regions of the province, notably in the cities of Saskatoon and Prince Albert in the central region, North Battleford and Lloydminster in the West, and Moose Jaw to the South.
The economy is mainly dependent on four sectors: oil and natural gas, crop farming, uranium extraction, and potash mining.
Saskatchewan was home to three main native populations: the Athapaskan nations in the North, the Algonquian in the central part of the province, and the Sioux in th South. The province was largely un-settled by Europeans for a while, as it was deemed not beneficial to the fur trading industry that the country relied on.
Saskatchewan is one of the many provinces and territories to be split from the North-West Territory, and joined Canada as a province in 1905 alongside Alberta. Commonly referred to as a boring province by Canadians due to the flat, featureless nature of the Southern plains, and the fact that it has four straight borders, not being based on any natural divisions.
The flag of Saskatchewan was adopted in 1969. The green half of the flag represents the forests in the North of the province, and the gold half represents the wheat fields of the South. The provincial shield is in the upper left of the flag, with the lion representing England, and the wheat and green section representing the province's agricultural richness. The flower on the flag is the Western red lily, the provincial flower.
The name Saskatchewan comes from the Cree name for the Saskatchewan River, "Kisiskatchewanisipi", meaning "swift-flowing river". The name shortened over time through common usage.