Lesotho is a small country in Southern Africa, located entirely within the Eastern portion of the country of South Africa. Lesotho is divided into ten subdivisions called districts.
Maseru is the capital of Lesotho, located along the Northwestern border of the country, is where a large number of Basotho (what the people of Lesotho are called) live. The majority of the population lives in the Western half of the country within the cities of Maseru, Mafeteng, Teyateyaneng, and Leribe.
The economy of Lesotho is based mainly on agriculture, textiles, government employment, mining, and exporting water. Because it is located within South Africa, Lesotho's economy is dependant on South Africa. Lesotho exports water and energy to South Africa, and South Africa employs a large number of Basotho in their own mining sector. Lesotho also imports most of its resources and agricultural products from South Africa.
Originally, the area of Lesotho and the surrounding area were inhabited by the San people, who are thought to be the first people to settle in the region.
The region now known as Lesotho was first created in 1822 by King Moshoeshoe, and was called Basutoland. Basutoland was involved in conflicts in the region between other African nations, as well as from European nations trying to take control of the region. In 1868, Basutoland was made a British protectorate, and its current borders were defined. During this time, a police camp was set as the new capital for the nation, which then became Maseru (the current capital). In 1966, Basutoland gained its independence from Britain and renamed itself the Kingdom of Lesotho.
The blue stripe on Lesotho's flag represents rain, the white stripe peace, and the green stripe prosperity. The symbol in the middle of the flag is a black Basotho hat that represents the indigemous people. The flag was adopted in 2006 for the country's 40th year of independence.
Lesotho gets its name from Sesotho, the national language of Lesotho. It translates to "The land of Sesotho speakers".